Dental implants are synthetic roots for teeth which are embedded into the jaw to lock a dental bridge or artificial tooth in place. Implants are used in situations where a patient has lost one or more teeth as a result of trauma or periodontal disease. Dental implants come in many varieties and provide significant benefits to patients that use them.
Teeth are needed for speech and the consumption of food, and when lost they cause problems with both functions. Dental implants come in two types, which are Subperiosteal implants and Endosteal implants. Subperiosteal implants are added above the jaw, and make use of metal posts which stick through the gums to lock the prosthesis in place. Subperiosteal implants are used for patients that are unable to wear conventional dentures.
Endosteal implants are the most common. They make use of cylinders, blades or screws which are embedded into the jawbone. These implants are designed to hold teeth which are artificial, and are used as an alternative to dental bridges or dentures which are removable.
As you can imagine, performing a dental implant is a complex process. It requires the participation of the dentist, patient and periodontist. The dentist will consult with the patient to decide what type of implant should be used, as well as how it should be inserted. The implant you choose and your reasons for choosing it will form the basis for the treatment plan the periodontist will create. A patient who is missing a single tooth will usually need a single implant and crown. If multiple teeth are missing a bridge will be needed for their replacement. When a patient is missing all their teeth a complete bridge or dentures must be implemented.
In order for a patient to be a good candidate for a dental implant, they must have sufficient bone in their jaw. This will be necessary for the support of the implant, and it also helps if the candidate doesn’t have gum disease.
This depends on many factors, including the materials which are used in the construction of the implant, and how well the patient cares for them. Generally dental implants are made of tough materials which mean they will last many years.
Dental implants are the same as natural teeth; they require continuous and regular care. You will need to brush and floss daily to keep them free of plaque. You will also want to visit your dentist regularly so that they can inspect the implants for any problems.
Our dentists at Real Smile Dental will work closely with patients to determine the best type of implant to install. They have considerable experience with dental implants and will guide you well before and after the implant is inserted. Contact us today to schedule a dental implant consulation.